What is the main purpose of the Word of God for the
A grand book is before us. "Deuteronomy" means "the second law" but that doesn't mean that there are new commandments. The children of Israel are now at the borders of the promised land, but not into it. They are being reminded that they had been brought that far, not because they had kept the ten commandments given by Moses; but because of God's promises to their father Abraham! Read carefully 9:4-6 (He lived about 500 years before Moses). The believer today is not preserved because there is any good in the way he acts, but entirely because of the grace of God. (Remember, our blessings depend entirely on what Christ has done for us, but our happiness depends on how obedient we are to God's Word). The believer today is also learning from this book that God wants to fill our thoughts with heaven and the future glory. The "land" is mentioned about 98 times, so they too were constantly reminded of the future. There are three main divisions in the book. The first 11 chapters give the reason why they should obey God! The second section is chapters 12-29... telling us what they were to obey. And thirdly, 30 to end of book... things to come - the blessings.
Deut 1:1-8 Moses reviews the past, from the time they started across the wilderness.
Deut 1:9-18 Moses reminds them of the time they sent the spies into the land to search what it was like; instead of trusting God. God had promised them the land! God had searched it out long before. Would He not be able to give them the land without the spies searching it out?
Deut 1:35-46 And because they would not believe, God had not taken them in. He had turned them back to wander in the wilderness for 38 years. These verses are very interesting. Now the 38 years are past, and they are about to enter the land.
The history of the Bible is the history of original sin... the doctrine of the Bible is the doctrine of God's putting it away for ever.
Deut 2:1-15 Moses continues to review their journey, and show them that God had been so kind and near to them all the way. Particularly verse 7. What a journey! But what a travelling Companion they had! Everything which had happened to them was an evidence of the kindness and wisdom of God. He was leading them to His home. 21 times God uses the word "great" in this book. May we realize also that we believers are being led day by day through this wicked world to God's home and glory by His great power.
Deut 2:16-37 They had come close to the land and found enemies who wouldn't let them pass. But God took care of this as well. As we get close to the day when the Lord will come for us, Satan, our enemy, is attacking us as never before. But may we learn from this book that the only thing which weakened them was their own disobedience to God's Word!
We need to fear more that we will not hear the Lord, than that He will not hear us.
DEUTERONOMY 3, Verses 1-17
It may seem strange that the Old Testament tells of so many battles and killings, but we believers need to remember that these battles have a spiritual meaning for us. Carefully read 1 Cor 10:11. God is saying this to you. Satan deceives us when we are careless, casual, indifferent or even disobedient to God's Word and warnings. Read Eph. 6:10-17, 1 Cor. 9:25-27, 1 Tim. 6:12, 1 Tim. 1:18, 2 Tim. 2:3-4. If you are serious about learning what Old Testament warfare means for you, you will read each of these five references in the New Testament.
Deut 3:1-17 One enemy after another fell before them. But they owed everything to God... He was guiding them.
Our strength is to know our own nothingness, and have Him as everything.
DEUTERONOMY 3, Verses 18-24
Deut 3:18-20 Glance at Numbers 32 again, to understand what these 3 verses refer to. The men of the 2-1/2 tribes were to go ahead, leaving the wives and children protected.
Deut 3:21-22 Josh is to become the great leader in the land, as Moses had been in the wilderness. The name "Josh" is the same as "Jesus". "Josh" is the Hebrew (Old Testament language) Jesus is the Greek, or New Testament language.
Deut 3:23-25 Moses had pleaded with the Lord to let him go into the land, but...
Deut 3:26 It reminds us of Paul (2 Cor. 12:9), who prayed that the Lord would take away the thorn in the flesh. The Lord replied "my grace is sufficient for thee". We see the same word "suffice" or "sufficient" here.
Deut 3:27 However, the Lord gave Moses something better. He gave him a heavenly view (God's view) of the land! God had been the earthly Guide through the wilderness, now He would be the Heavenly Guide, pointing out the whole land to Moses. In Mt 17:3 we read of Moses on the mount of transfiguration IN THE LAND. So he got in, and it was to be a wonderful experience, for he was with the Lord.
With failure behind us, weakness among us, and
corruption all around us, we need a fresh sense of the glory of the
Lord, the power of the Lord, the riches of the Lord, the love of the
Lord; and with the Lord before us, to go forward
Beautiful chapter. A great encouragement and a great warning. Note particularly verse 2. What a wonderful thing it was for this nation to have their very own God in heaven! (verse 7). All the words He had given them were to be followed. Nothing was to be added or taken from them. Read these verses carefully, for they can apply to us in a spiritual way. If they turned to idolatry (other gods) they would lose out in their blessings. (We believers may lose out in our happiness and peace, but we can never lose our blessings!)
Deut 4:1-13 Review of God's ways with them in their past.
Deut 4:14-24 Warnings against idols or pictures.
Deut 4:25-49 Their future, with encouragements and warnings.
There is no failure which can break the link of faith with the power of God.
Starting with this chapter, and going on to the end of chapter 11, we hear God speaking to Israel in a closer, more intimate way. In the first four chapters, Israel is seen as in the wilderness. These seven chapters are of Israel at the very entrance to the land of promise.
Deut 5:1-5 Moses reminds them that God had spoken to them from the top of the mountain at Horeb (or Sinai) when He had given the ten commandments. Do not confuse this with another talk from the land of Moab, (we'll read of it later).
Deut 5:6-21 Many people think that this section is just a repeat of the ten commandments in Ex 20:2-17. God has a purpose. In Deuteronomy He gives the reasons why they should obey them. Compare this section with Ex, chapter 20. You will see that the Sabbath is stressed here. The keeping of the Sabbath was something that no one could know unless God told him. Whereas people, just naturally, have at least a partial knowledge of the other commandments - stealing for example. The Sabbath brought people close to God. (It reminds us of the work of the Lord Jesus, and the rest which God now has in Christ. Christ is God's Sabbath, or rest.) For Israel, the Sabbath will be fulfilled in the millennium. (Because of unbelief they lost this land of rest).
We believers belong to Christ, and to the new creation. We are new creatures - 2 Cor. 5:17. Wonderful. So when Christianity began, the first day of the week, the Lord's day, became the important day and not the Sabbath (Saturday). The Lord Jesus was dead all day Saturday. But there is more. Saturday is the seventh day. The next day, the 8th, is the Lord's day, Sunday, the first day of the new order, (Acts 20:7). It is never going to end. There is no 9th day.
Deut 5:22 These words were of the greatest importance for those people at that time.
Deut 5:23-28 They feared greatly when they heard and saw the thunderings and lightnings - Heb. 12:18-21.
Deut 5:29 Beautiful verse. God exposing His heart of love to people.
Deut 5:29-33 We can feel how God longed that the people would let Him pour out all His goodness and blessing on them. Did they let Him? No. Do we let Him pour out the peace and joy on us?
Deut 6:13 & 16 An important chapter too... in it we find the words which the Lord Jesus quoted to Satan when He was being tempted by him - Matt. 4.
Deut 6:4-19 These bring before us God Himself. And this is one of the greatest reasons why the people should obey the Lord. Read carefully this tender pleading of God with His people. He wanted to bless them! There were many false gods in the countries round about Israel. The people who had lived in this land were the most idolatrous people. (see 9:5). So the children of Israel had a wonderful opportunity to show to all the others that they had the One and only true God.
Deut 6:5 Notice spirit (heart), soul and body (might).
Deut 6:7 What a wonderful way to bring up our children.
Deut 6:16 Tempting God is to doubt Him. We are guilty of this sometimes. The person who believes God, is calm and peaceful at all times!
Deut 6:20-end Parents, read carefully. Are our children hearing the Word of God from our lips?
Summary. In spite of all this tender pleading by God to them, they failed. Read in 29:4 what they lost out. Not because they didn't keep up the sacrifices (they kept them), but because even in keeping them, they were not doing it from love for God, but thinking that in this way alone they would be considered righteous. (Read Is 1:10-20).
Perfect weakness Lord, is mine;
God's people are to rid themselves of the people of the land. They were not to keep any of their filthy habits. They were to utterly destroy their gods (9:5), and they were to enjoy God! (Read what God says about some believers - 1 Thess. 1:9).
Deut 7:1 God was going to be the power. (We believers have no power of our own, but we are strong in Christ when we are obedient - Phil. 4:13).
Deut 7:2-8 It was to be a total separation from these nations. God was to be their delight. (Today we believers are likewise to be as separated from this world. Christ is our delight. See what Paul could say, in Phil. 1:21.)
Deut 7:9 What kind of a God is He? Turn to Ps 119:138 and you will find that the Word of God is described by this same word. Do you see what that word is? Now turn to the New Testament - 2 Tim. 2:13. Even when we do not believe, He remains...
Deut 7:12-24 What blessings!
Deut 7:25-26 What warnings!
In spiritual matters, decline is slow.
A chapter on obedience. An obedient believer today, is a happy person.
Deut 8:1 All they had to do was to obey! We too.
Deut 8:2-9 God always wants to bless His people, whether it was Israel in those days, or the believers today. Read Heb 10:35 before you read any further. Here are some of the reasons why God did what He did. (We can also apply these to ourselves, but in a spiritual way).
Deut 8:2 They went through the wilderness for two reasons. (1) So that they would be humbled. (2) So that what was in their heart would come out. We believers are in this world for these two reasons also.
Deut 8:3-4 Another reason. That they might come to know God! So with us.
Deut 8:3 From this chapter the Lord Jesus took His quotation to answer Satan - Mt 4.
Deut 8:5-6 They were closely connected to God. They needed to learn that it was just like a father and his son. Heb 12:5-13 gives the believer's training time.
Deut 8:7-9 The land of promise - their goal.
Deut 8:10-20 The warnings. Why would God have to take more verses to give the warnings than the promises? Because of their hearts (and ours). So often the world attracts us back.
There's nothing so humble as obedience.
Deut 9:1-6 Something new to learn - the land to which they were going was a land where the people were much more mighty than Israel. How then would they be able to overcome them? By God only. What did it matter how strong the enemy was! Rom 8:31.
Deut 9:4-6 Remember the difference between the promises made to Abraham (Gn 15:18) and of the agreement God made with Israel (Ex 19:5-8). The first was unconditional, the second on condition that Israel obeyed. So these verses are to remind them that they are not getting the land because of the second, but because of the first!
Deut 9:7-29 Once again God takes more verses to warn.
Deut 9:24 Just about tells their whole history. God must remind them of how bad they were. Unless we see how bad we are by nature, we never realize that through Christ alone we live. There is power in our life when we learn this.
Deut 9:25-29 What a wonderful prayer of Moses! He had prayed for 40 days to God not to destroy them at the beginning of their journey. Now he has to pray for them again. Notice he recalls God's first unconditional promise to Abraham! It is important to read this chapter carefully.
Strength which destroyed Satan's power, was the weakness of death, ("crucified through weakness" 2 Cor 13:4).
Learning lessons about God by understanding their own disobedient hearts.
Deut 10:1-11 Moses reviews their history to show them how God had provided for them the whole time. Only when we realize how awful we are, can we realize how good God is to us.
Deut 10:6-7 A parenthesis; Aaron was preserved and only died at the end of the journey (Num 20:28).
Deut 10:12-13 Five steps they could take when they had learned the lesson of the previous chapter. (1) Fear the Lord. (2) Walk in His steps. (3) Love Him. (4) Serve the Lord. (5) Keep His commandments.
Deut 10:14 The result of taking these five steps is that we will be looking toward heaven to be forever with the Lord.
Deut 10:16 To separate from evil in the heart, and not just in an outward way. They never did do this. But when Israel had completely failed, God had a secret. After we believers are taken to heaven, then God is going to bring Israel into blessing on earth. Not by their goodness, for He had tried them for all those centuries, but He was going to put a new heart in them. So you will see this same thought in 30:6 as in our 16th verse. But the difference is, they would not do it, so God will.
We will find that we grow in wisdom by being content to take the place of having none.
The last chapter of the 1st section of the book. It has told the Israelites the many reasons why they should obey. (We also forget so easily).
Deut 11:6 Dathan and Abiram are recalled as an example of the result of rebellion against God - Num 16.
Deut 11:7 They had seen all that God had done in the past, therefore they were to obey God when they came into the land.
Deut 11:10 The great river Nile was Egypt's source of water. But they didn't know where the Nile's headwaters were.
Deut 11:11 The land of Israel was different. It knew where its blessings came from.... the rain which came from heaven. They were closely connected with God, and were dependent upon Him.
Deut 11:8-32 The brightest promise of blessing, and the sternest warnings of the results of disobedience take up the rest of the chapter.
Man's frailty has to look for its relief from God. The Lord Jesus has perfections, not frailties, but surrendered all the rights they secured Him, to God.
Today's chapter starts the second section of the book...what they were to obey. Before starting, read 29:1. When the believer today learns obedience and submission to God, then he is ready for the details of daily living.
Deut 12:1-14 The very first instruction deals with the complete destruction of all idols... the most dangerous obstacle to their enjoyment of the land. (For the believer, there is the danger of turning back to the world). Satan has many idols for us. Idols were always religious. (Is God having first place in our life?) Notice the word which recurs in verses 5, 11, 13, 14, 18, 21 and 26. It is human to want to choose for ourselves. Yet many true believers think that they can choose where they are going to worship God.
If we do not feel towards men as God feels, how can we be effective as witnesses for Him?
Deut 13:1-5 What serious religious instruction this is. So very important for us. If any preacher says anything which is not according to God's Word, we are told what to do.
Deut 13:3 God is testing us, to see if we will obey Him.
Deut 13:5 They were to put such a preacher to death. We don't kill, of course, but we are to separate from him - 2 Cor. 6:14-18, 2 Tim. 2 makes it quite plain. Reasoning will only make us more self-willed than ever. But the surrender of our will brings glory to God and joy, peace and direction to us.
Deut 13:6-11 Plainer still. Often our relatives have a bad influence on us. Particularly when we want to follow the Lord. We are often more afraid of our relatives than we are of offending the Lord. Notice what action had to be taken here. Someone may say that this is too strict. But God wrote it. We learn spiritual lessons from these physical events. We do not kill people, but do we choose friends or relatives who take us away from enjoying the Lord?
Deut 13:12-18 Important too. It does matter to us how other believers behave. The faithful person is concerned about them. When believers turn back to the world, we are saddened, but we must separate from them. We know they will never be happy until they return to the Lord. In this section, they were to spare nothing in the city. They had to enquire diligently at first to make sure that the story was true, then they were to act strongly.
The more you draw near to God, the more you love God's people. 2 Chron. 30.
Deut 14:1-2 They were reminded that they were holy people to the Lord... they belonged to Him. They were not to follow weird, worldly and heathen customs. (We believers are not only a holy, but a heavenly people. We are to act that way).
Deut 14:3-26 Although all food comes from God, they were to eat only clean animals and birds. Because they were to learn to fear the Lord - verse 23. Neither can we be careless about what we eat, spiritually. What do we read? With what do we feed our souls? Some believers even think that they can go a whole day without reading God's Word, and be healthy believers. Job. 23:12 is a good verse to learn. Do we act that way? The more we read God's Word, the more we want to read it.
Deut 14:27-29 They were to think of the Levites who didn't have any land to produce food. The stranger, the fatherless and the widow were to be remembered.
I must allow for my brethren much more than I allow for myself.
This chapter shows us how careful of others they had to be.
Deut 15:1-11 The poor were to be helped. It says in verse 4 "Save (except) when there shall be no poor among you". That was a good limit, because the Lord said that such a time would not come - Matt. 26:11.
Deut 15:12-18 Can you see this story as a beautiful picture of the Lord Jesus as a Servant? He could have gone back to heaven after He had lived His life here on earth. But love kept Him here. He went into death for His Father and for us. And He will remain a Servant forever - Lk 12:37.
Deut 15:19-23 The first-born of the clean animals was to be sacrificed to the Lord.
Deut 15:20 They were to eat it. This is a beautiful picture, pointing on to Christ, the "First-born" of the new creation - Col. 1:15. He is our food. Jn 6:56-57.
The effect of true ministry is to put the soul in direct contact with God.
DEUTERONOMY 16, Verses 1-8
God is now giving new instructions. There are to be three times each year when every man would go to the place which God was going to chose. He would bring a sacrifice to offer to God. They were called "Feasts" (or get-togethers). We will take up one at a time.
Deut 16:1-8 The first was the Passover, and the feast of unleavened bread. Notice that there was no rejoicing at this feast. It was to be a constant reminder to them of the death of the lamb in Egypt. We know who God's Lamb is now. So for us it is to remember Him in His death. The day after the Passover there were seven days when they were to be very sure there was no "leaven" in their house. (This is important for us, the number "seven" is a picture of completeness. So our whole life is to separated from all evil.)
If I have more holiness, I must go and restore my brother. Gal. 6:1.
DEUTERONOMY 16, Verses 9-22
Deut 16:9-12 Now the second feast; "the feast of weeks". In this feast there was to be rejoicing. There were to be seven weeks plus one day, which equals 50 days from the harvest. In Acts 2 we see that Pentecost, which means "50", was when the Holy Spirit came down to earth. It was 50 days after the cross! Of course there is joy for us.
Deut 16:10 Joy which the presence of the Holy Spirit causes us to have, is like a "free will offering".
Deut 16:11 Not only was there joy in the Lord, but calling others to this joy as well.
Deut 16:13-15 The harvest was gathered in. Then came the third feast - that of "tabernacles". After we believers have been caught away to heaven, then God is going to gather some of the Jews (Israelites) around Himself once more - Mt 13:41-43.
Deut 16:16-17 These verses end the religious side of things.
Deut 16:18-20 Righteousness was to be carried out in His holy land. No favouritism for certain people was to be tolerated.
Deut 16:21-22 Groves and idols were forbidden.
We are not in a position to deal with another until God has dealt with that which is contrary to His name in our own life.
Deut 17:1-13 We cannot separate our religious life from the ordinary things of life. If we are wrong in the first, the other will not be properly regulated. Notice what would happen if they disobeyed... they would be put to death!
Deut 17:14-20 Even if they had a king, they were warned that this would bring many troubles. Sure enough, their great king Solomon was guilty of these very things. The result of this was the break-up of the kingdom and every person in those divided kingdoms had his every-day life very much affected.
The ultimate cause of all spiritual depression is unbelief.
Deut 18:1-8 The priests and the Levites, were not going to have any inheritance in the promised land. The Lord was their inheritance. Now from 1 Pet 2:5 we learn that we believers are all priests. The Lord is our inheritance. Although the Levites are not prominent in Deuteronomy, they were carefully provided for by the Lord. When the people brought a "peace offering" to God, they offered it all. Verse 1 tells us that what was given to God, the Levites could eat. This tells us how intimately they were connected with the Lord. Eating, in the scriptures usually means close association with another person. So if the people were faithful in bringing their offerings to God the Levites had food to eat. If the Lord was neglected, so were the Levites.
Deut 18:9-14 The people are plainly warned against having anything to do with Spiritism (familiar spirits). Today, the believer needs to be warned against the reading of the monthly horoscope. It is dangerous. People are turning away from God. Speaking in tongues is close to this. It is becoming more difficult to distinguish between the work of God and the work of Satan.
Deut 18:15-22 But God has a better answer. In a future day He would raise up a Prophet... Christ Himself! The Spirit of God often brings in illustrations of Christ in the Old Testament. This is one of the most beautiful examples... it can be no one else but Christ. What a warning against not listening to Him! Read Acts 3:22 and Jn 6:14.
The biggest secret of foot-washing is to get the job done without the other fellow knowing you are doing it.
Deut 19:1-10 Man was made in the image of God. Shedding blood was a serious thing to God. However, He does make a great difference between shedding by accident and deliberate murder. In neither case would He let them forget the seriousness of it. His land was not to have blood defiling it. It was a holy land. So God provided these cities for a person to run to who had killed a person unintentionally. They were called "cities of refuge". No one would be more than about 20 miles from one of these cities in the land. Numbers chapter 15 adds 3 more cities on the other side of the river Jordan.
Deut 19:11-13 However there was to be no pity shown to any one who deliberately shed the blood of another person. He was to die. Some difference today!
Deut 19:15-21 Witnesses were to be true. They were not to keep quiet if they knew something wrong was done. If a person made up an untrue story about another person, the punishment which would have been given to that person, was to be given to the one who told the untruth!
Soul winners are not soul winners because of what they know, but because of Whom they know, and how well they know HIM, and how much they long for others to know HIM.
Deut 20:1-4 This will sound hard to believe, that the loving, tender God who we know, could be the same Person as we read of here, leading people into war! Maybe 1 Cor 15:46 and 10:11 will help us. The Lord is teaching us lessons in our new spiritual life from the physical lessons of the Old Testament.
Israel's enemies were the nations living around them, about 14 of them ... our enemies are those around us who Satan uses to attract us to go back into the world from which the Lord has taken us. Read Eph. 6:11 and 12. Do you get the idea? It wasn't how well they could fight, or how good their weapons were, but to realize that God was their Leader and their strength. (We need to realize this too).
Deut 20:5-9 Notice how carefully God makes arrangements for all these cases. Those who were afraid were not worthy to go out to battle.
Deut 20:10-11 God did not delight in battles. But He was going to give them the whole land.
Deut 20:13-15 How to treat the nations farther away from Israel.
Deut 20:16-20 How to treat those in the land they were going to possess.
Our power in drawing others after the Lord, mainly rests in our joy and communion with Him ourselves.
DEUTERONOMY 2l, Verses 1-14
Deut 21:1-9 Full instruction for their behavior. When a man was found murdered, this was what they were to do. Nothing important was left to them to decide. But we can see a bigger reason for these details... God ever has Christ in His thoughts as the Scriptures were written. The man killed can be a picture of Christ. Everyone (except the believer) even today, denies the responsibility for His crucifixion. The distance to the closest city was to be measured. God looks at the world, and sees Israel as the closest to the crucified Man. During the seven years following the believers being taken to heaven, a little group (remnant) in Israel will believe. And although the land is held guilty (even though the people living then did not actually crucify the Lord Jesus), a substitute must be found, verse 4. Sin must be judged before sins can be forgiven. Christ again is seen here. The heifer is a type of the Lord Jesus, the Substitute for the sin of the person who killed the man. A picture of this desolate world. (In the future the little remnant shall realize the Christ, their Messiah, died for their redemption and deliverance.)
Deut 21:10-14 A picture of the Lord's original relationship with Israel. He had chosen her for Himself out of all the peoples of the world. But... Israel was unfaithful and rejected Him - (Chapter 24 will go into this more.) However, it is not the end of this unfaithful person. If you have the time, read Isaiah chapter 62 for the conclusion of the story which will take place after we believers, (the heavenly bride) will be taken up to be with Christ. Then the Lord will fulfil the promises He made to Israel in the past. But He will then give them a new heart for He has paid for all their unfaithfulness by shedding His blood for them. Read Jer 31:31-34 and Heb 8:9-13. What grace!
A man once said, "it took me 4 yrs. to get my college education and 40 yrs. to get over it."
DEUTERONOMY 21, Verses 15-23
Deut 21:15-17 The unloved wife is a picture of Israel, the one God first chose. Because of their sin, in crucifying Jesus, they had to be put away (Israel today). So God turned to us, the Gentiles (the wife beloved); the heavenly and only bride of Christ. Acts 28:26-28. Nevertheless, after the believers are caught away to heaven, God will once again take up His earthly people. As it were, the child of the apparently rejected one, shall be the one to receive the inheritance on earth.
Deut 21:18-21 A picture of Israel, as a nation, which has been a rebellious child of God. They shall be the ones punished and destroyed at the end of the tribulation - verses 19-21.
Deut 21:22-23 Christ was hanged on a tree - 1 Pet 2:24. He was made a curse for us - Gal. 3:13.
MOSES was... 40 yrs. thinking he was something; 40 yrs. learning he was nothing; 40 yrs. discovering God was everything.
A glimpse of God's tender love.
Deut 22:6-8 A battlement is like a fence. We believers are to be careful that we don't teach or say to other believers things which are not according to God's Word. If so we are causing them to fall off the roof of our house.
Deut 22:9-12 God hates mixture. Satan constantly is telling us that mixture is broadmindedness and tolerance; 2 Cor. 6:14-18. Disobedience blurs our spiritual eyes.
Deut 22:13-30 "Why would God inspire these words?" Well, turn to 1 Cor. 10:11 and Rom 15:4 to be sure that He has inspired them. To teach us what our hearts are capable of, if left to ourselves. These are the moral depths to which a believer can plunge if we compromise with truth, 1 Cor. 5:8.
The secret of true service is true humility.
Here we see how careful God is in dealing with people. A just God and a Savior! Is 45:21. He does make differences, though He is no respecter of persons.
Deut 23:1-6 The Lord gives careful instruction for each individual in HIS congregation. They might disobey, and go and marry someone outside the camp of Israel. But it was disobedience just the same, and God would not overlook it (Lk 11:50, 51).
Deut 23:7 God remembers and also He forgets. Here He remembers that at one time the Israelites had a home in Egypt. But He tells us believers that He will remember our sins no more - Heb. 10:17. Our business is to obey God. If we are obedient then we understand. If we do a thing because we think it is right, then we take the credit. But when we act because God's Word says so, then we bring glory to God. They had God in the midst of their camp, so it had to be kept clean. We believers are to act as if we realize that the Lord is with us. Do we?
If we do not feel towards men as God feels, how can we be effective as witnesses for Him.
Instructions on the subject of divorce. In the Old Testament man is on trial. God is looking to see if He can find one who will obey Him. He can't find one! Only when Christ came could One be found! We believers are in an entirely different position. A believer in the Lord Jesus Christ no longer belongs to Adam's family. Read 2 Cor. 5:17. He belongs to the Second Adam, the Second Man - Christ. If these people were to be considerate of others (verses 10-22) how much more should we who have received the grace of God!
What comes from the Spirit is always one.
Instruction gets down into the smallest details of every-day life. (How careful should be in every detail of our life!)
Deut 25:4 Even the poor, hard-working ox is not to have a muzzle on when he worked. (1 Cor. 9:9.)
Deut 25:13 Dishonesty in having an incorrect scale.
Deut 25:16 God hates unfairness. (Rom 3:6).
Deut 25:17-19 "God requires that which is past" - Eccles 3:15. People often confuse what God remembers and what He forgets. If we are careless believers, God will surely allow us to make foolish mistakes, but always because He loves us.
Chapters 22-25 have given us illustrations of how careful we should be in every part of our daily living as believers.
Why are we not always agreed? Because my own mind works.
Today's chapter rises into the illustrations of the highest privilege of life on earth, the worship of God.
Deut 26:1-4 The lovely story of their bringing a basket of the fruit first harvested in the beautiful land of promise into which they were now to enter. Notice three statements... (1) "come in", (2) "possess it", and (3) "dwell therein". Let's be out and out for Christ. This is the fulfillment of the 7 "I will" promises God had made 40 years before (Read them in Ex 6). Our life shows how much we are believing God.
Deut 26:3 We must take the 3 steps mentioned above, to enjoy (not to receive) our heavenly blessings, and so bring true worship to God. The Israelite did not offer the basket of first-fruits to get into the land, but because he was in it. So often we enjoy our blessing but are so unresponsive in our devotion to Christ.
Deut 26:1-11 They must bring the first-fruit they pick to the Lord (Christ is our "first-fruit" - 1 Cor. 15:20. True worship is to present Christ to God. There are three beautiful steps in our life in these verses.)
Deut 26:3 Firstly, to confess that we now have all our blessings - Eph. 1:3.
Deut 26:5 Secondly, to confess what misery we were in before we came to know Christ as our Savior.
Deut 26:11 Thirdly, enjoy our blessings with God. Then thoughtfulness and grace flows out to others.
Deut 26:12-15 Some believers use tithing - giving a percentage of their income to whom they think deserve it. In this there are two dangers - (1) putting ourselves under law again. Clear instruction in 1 Cor. 16:2. No mention is made of tithing. (2nd danger), To forget that all we have is the Lord's - 1 Cor. 6:19-20. He wants our whole heart, not just part of it. Worship comes first. Then caring for others.
If we had only what we learned from Scripture, we should all be the same.
DEUTERONOMY 27, Verses 1-10
Pay particular attention to the first ten verses and keep them completely separate in your mind before reading the rest of the chapter.
Deut 27:1-10 Here we read of the people of God, after 40 years of wilderness life, at last entering the land of promise. It was true that they were sinners, and because of this they needed the brazen altar and that of what it is a picture... the cross of Christ. The picture before us is of people accepted by God. Nothing remained but to bring the "burnt offering" and the "peace offering" to God. No need of the "sin offering". All that was settled. Now only to worship! Isn't that beautiful?
Deut 27:9 What a position to be in!
Deut 27:8 & 10 All they needed to do was to obey the law; so to help them, the ten commandments were written on the stones (Ex 24:12).
But next comes a contrast.
Only when we're in the way can we know His mind.
DEUTERONOMY 27, Verses 11-26
Deut 27:11-13 Moses appoints two groups to stand on these separate mountains which were just inside the promised land. On Gerizim, to bless the people (for obeying)...on Ebal, to pronounce the curses if they disobeyed the law. Can you find the blessings? Not one word.
Deut 27:14-26 Twelve curses. Notice what all the people were to say after each curse was spoken! "Amen" means "I agree". We have to turn to Gal 3:10 to get the answer to our "why?" Paul even quotes from this very chapter. There can be no blessing from the law, even though God had kept His promise and brought them into this glorious land (Read Ps 106:21-24).
To summarise our whole chapter... verses 1-10 present to us the heart of a gracious God, and the thoughts of God toward His beloved people. Yet verses 11-26 show us the actual condition of these people... they were on the ground of law... their blessings would depend on their obedience! So the sad result of Israel's real state before God. BUT because of God's grace and love, He has sent a Savior, Who has taken the curse for us and brought us into the position of total blessing. Read Rom 6:15.
True unity is the unity of the Spirit, and it must be brought about by the operation of the Spirit.
Chapters 27 and 28 seem to contradict each other, but Scripture never does. It is therefore important to see what the difference is. Always read the Bible believing it, never doubting its perfectness. Chapter 27 is a picture of mankind as a sinner, utterly and totally ruined, incapable of getting blessings through behavior. An eternal curse rests on him (read the last half of Jn 3:36). But chapter 28 is a very broad view of the entire history of the nation of Israel on earth. It speaks first, in verses 1 to 14 of the blessings to those who obey. Remember, it does not refer to a Jewish person today who accepts Christ as Savior. This whole chapter is not referring to individuals, but to the whole nation of Israel in the future (in the millennium).
Deut 28:16-68 Notice that this section is more than three times longer than the first. Read chapter 4:24 and Ps 9:17. But we must also remember that it is only through the fact that the Lord Jesus on the cross, endured the curses referred to in these 53 verses that there could come but one blessing to either the believing Israelite or a believer today. However, we need also to remind ourselves that though they and we receive these blessings as a gift, this does not give us the liberty to do our own will. If the believer obeys the Word of God, he is happy and will grow in his soul.
The use that a Christian makes of the things of the world that he possesses shows where his heart is.
DEUTERONOMY 29, Verses 1-13
This chapter is the last part of the second main division of this book. It started with chapter 12. The first section, 1-11 was "why the people were to obey". This second section is "what they were to obey". Possibly the biggest help to understand chapters 27 and 28 is to read verse 29 of today's chapter, before you read the chapter. It simply means this... the "revealed" things are what Israel ought to have done, but didn't; the "secret" things are what God would do in spite of their disobedience and complete failure. This is what the mercy and grace of God are! This is what the gospel is! This is what each believer should realize!
God is now going to make another covenant (agreement) with Israel at Moab. Why? You remember that they had broken the first covenant at Mount Sinai (or Horeb) just when they had crossed the Red Sea and came into the wilderness. They had turned to idolatry and had worshipped a golden calf. On that occasion they had been spared from total destruction by Moses' intercession. That made it very plain that they had lost the right to enter the land. If God had kept them to that covenant at Sinai, He could not now bring them into the land after their long wanderings in the wilderness. What will He do? He will make another covenant with them at Moab! So this is one of the "secret things" of verse 29. In this way He can bring them into the land, for in this agreement He brings in His mercy! What a God!
Deut 29:1-13 As you read these verses of the covenant you will notice that it is a gentle agreement, not all law, nor all grace... but both. God reminds the people of His kindness since they left Egypt.
A meeting, which does not embrace all the children of God in its thoughts, deprives itself of the fullness of blessing.
DEUTERONOMY 29, Verses 14-29
Deut 29:14-15 God thinks about others as well as those that were there. Read Jn 10:16 and Eph. 2:11-13 and 17, for what may be referred to in these two verses.
Deut 29:16-21 First Moses reminds them that they had seen many horrible sights in the lands they had passed through... idol worship mixed with all kinds of uncleanness. (Exposure to evil dulls our ability to know good and evil, and we soon get like the man in verse 19-21. The Lord assures us that no one will get away with anything - Read Heb. 10:31).
Deut 29:22-28 Although these are warnings to Israel, we today know that they are meant to be warnings to us, as Romans 15:4 tells us. If Israel became unfaithful to God, (and they were) people in the future, when visiting this choice land, would ask what had happened. They would see the land full of diseases and total ruin, and would ask why the Lord had done this.
Deut 29:25-28 Here is the answer they would receive. We who truly are born again, believers in the Lord Jesus Christ need to take a look at our own life. Are we living for Christ each day? Are we following in His footsteps? When an unbeliever looks at us, does he, or she see a reflection of Christ? These verses are a serious warning to us. Read these four verses again. This is the same Lord Who is looking down into your life and mine each hour of the day.
We are in Christ an heir of glory. Rom. 8:17.
This chapter commences the 3rd and last section of this book. It covers the future of Israel after we believers have been caught away to glory. Yesterday we read of the "secret things". Today we will read of some of these things. They show us the heart of God. For Israel had forfeited every right to blessing, having failed to keep the law and God had scattered the tribes to the ends of the earth. Yet we will read of Israel's future blessing.
Deut 30:1-4 How descriptive these verses are of Israel (all 12 tribes) today! For the people of Israel are scattered over the face of the earth.
Deut 30:4-9 You will find seven times that it says what God will do.
Deut 30:10 Refers to those who obey. But look in verse 6 to see what God will have given those who believe... a new heart!
Deut 30:11-14 They will not need to use their hands or their feet to receive the blessings referred to in verses 4-9. But they use the new heart they will have received! Paul in Rom 10:5-13 uses almost the same words as our chapter, to describe the Gospel of the grace of God in our days! This helps us to understand our chapter.
Deut 30:15-20 What tender, loving appeal made to them by God, to take His blessings; but coupled with a warning that those who refused this new heart would never get into the promised land, but would perish (verse 18).
Heresy is, in principle, the flesh tampering with truth; it is the setting into parties those who should be one.
DEUTERONOMY 31, Verses 1-13
Deut 31:1-6 Some of us will be touched by the tender words of Moses in this last loving appeal to the people to obey and trust the Lord. Moses loved God's people (read Ex 32:31-32) and never became tired of pleading with them to keep on for the Lord. Moses and Paul are alike in this way. As both of these men came to the end of their life, they wrote, not about their life, but to others about following the Lord. Here in verse 6, notice seven things, and Paul in Acts 20:28-35 gives seven or more pleadings to cleave to God and to the Word of His grace.
Deut 31:7-8 It is worth noticing that the words spoken to the whole congregation in the above verses are quite similar to those now spoken to the new great leader Joshua. Why? Because what the lowest and least important member of the camp of over 600,000 men needed was the same as the one who had the greatest responsibility... to be assured of God's presence and power.
Deut 31:9-13 We learn that God attached great importance to everyone hearing the Word of God. So Moses gave the words to the priests, to ALL the elders to read to ALL Israel (v. 11)... men, women, children and strangers (v. 12). Every single person was to be brought into direct contact with the Word of God.
A conscience dealt with by God alone, puts God in His place, and ourselves in ours. Faith puts God in His place, and me in mine.
DEUTERONOMY 3l, Verses 14-30
Deut 31:14-15 What an experience for these two men to meet the Lord in the tabernacle, even though He hid Himself in a cloud! Do you speak to the Lord as intimately? He is just as close, and longs for us to be conscious of His Presence. "The Lord" (mentioned 19 times in this chapter) spoke directly to Moses and told him he would soon die. There was to be an official change over in leadership of the Lord's people in His Presence in the Tabernacle (only verses where Tabernacle is mentioned in this book).
Deut 31:16-18 Moses represented the law, and it could not bring Israel into the land of promise and rest. So Moses is to pass away. The future is told to Moses that the people would turn away from the Lord to other gods! After all the Lord had done for them from Egypt to the gates of this land. Notice "God"(not "Lord") is used when the punishment is foretold.
Deut 31:19-29 Moses is told to write two things... a song to help the people remember what the Lord was saying to them. The other was to write in a book the words God was telling him (verse 26 tells where Moses was to put this book).
Deut 31:23 In spite of all the warnings of coming trouble (because of the people's disobedience) the Lord encourages Joshua and promises to be with him. (He does this to us too - Heb. 13:5).
Where God guides, there He provides.
Although Moses had longed to go into the land, (God had told him he wouldn't be there) yet that didn't keep him from speaking the words of this wonderful song.
Deut 32:1 Shows us how important it was, for actually, the words came out of the mouth of God, as every word of the Bible does (like Ezek 3:10, Isa. 6:8, Jer 28:7). The whole creation is to listen!
Deut 32:1-43 If you take the time to read it slowly (it took me 8 minutes) you will see both the majesty, grace and love of God on one side, and yourself as a hopeless, rebellious sinner on the other side. Count how many times Moses goes from speaking of how gentle and kind God is (verses 2-4) and how terrible the people (we) acted (5). But as you read on, you get glimpses of what God will do at the end (29, 39, 40 and 43). Notice His grace, vengeance and glory!
Deut 32:8 Interesting. Israel is singled out from all the countries in the world.
Deut 32:44-47 Make the Word of God what Moses here says "Because it is your life".
Deut 32:48-52 Farewell to faithful Moses (Heb. 3:2). But remember Gal. 6:7 and see that act of Moses (v. 51) cost him much.
There are two sides to God's dealings with us believers, (1) in grace, (2 Tim. 2:13) and (2) government (Gal. 6:7). If we forget grace, we become careless, and if we forget government and fail, we become depressed.
Doing what we know in obedience is a great way to know more.
Deuteronomy is always about the children of Israel "almost" in the land of promise. Today we read about the blessings the various tribes would receive in the land.
Deut 33:6 Reuben was the first-born of Jacob. But he lost his right of blessing as the first-born because of his sin (1 Chr 5:1-2) and so we read very little of him here.
Deut 33:7 But Judah, the royal tribe, comes next (though he wasn't the 2nd born) because into his tribe Christ was to be born. Christ is the Second Man. 1 Cor. 15:47.
Deut 33:8-11 Another favored son - Levi. The priestly tribe.
Deut 33:12 Benjamin next. Jerusalem, the city of the great King - Christ - was situated in the tribe of Benjamin.
Deut 33:13-17 Joseph, the one who inherited the first-born blessings, and so received the double blessing (2 tribes formed from his two sons), 1 Chron. 5:1-2. A picture of Christ Who receives the double blessing too - the Jew and the Gentile.
Deut 33:18-25 The rest of the tribes. Each has a blessing.
Deut 33:26-29 Few words of the Old Testament rise up to the grandeur of these words, as Moses describes the wonders of God.
The will of God, and our new nature are one.
Deut 34:1-5 One act of disobedience had caused Moses the loss of going into the land of promise with his beloved people. But this is what God is showing us in this book of Deuteronomy. Obedience brings blessing, but so great is the grace of God, that He takes Moses up to the top of a mountain, and gives Moses a heavenly view of the land from God's eyes! We can suppose that all the disappointments Moses may have had because of not getting into the land, are all now gone as he accompanies the God he loved and served so faithfully, on this wonderful sight of the land. God always gives something better. So closes this magnificent book of Deuteronomy. May God Himself bless you for reading it.
This is just another way to tell you that Jesus came to this world to save you. Because He loves you. Just click here to know how much. Now, what will YOU do about this? Want an idea? Click here.
Before you ask, this is a personal site. It is not related to, nor owned by, any religious group, church, denomination or organization. I am not a pastor, priest or anything like that. I am a person just like you. Because I was a lost sinner and the Lord Jesus found me and saved me, this is the way I found to tell everybody else about Him. Do you want to know how I was saved? Click here.
Oh, yes, you would like to know if I attend to any kind of church or Christian meetings, right? Ok, click here to learn how I believe Christians should gather together. This is the way I and others are gathered, in the name of Jesus alone.
Do you have any question or comments? Click here to send me an email. If you want to know more about the story of this site, click here. If you want to learn more about the Bible, visit Chapter-a-Day and read a daily message. To send this page's address to a friend, use the form below. I am happy you are here.
Dúvidas sobre a Bíblia? Leia o blog "O que respondi".
|<< Volta para o Índice||<< Volta para o Índice|